Urinary lithiasis is one of the most frequent urologic pathologies. It is considered that between 8 and 10% of the population has urinary lithiasis without presenting any symptoms, but that it may become symptomatic.
It is estimated that approximately the 12% of men and 6% of women will have lithiasis throughout their lives.
The most frequent manifestation format is the ureteric colic, which is one of the most common urologic emergencies. It is a very painful pathology that in some cases requires hospital admission to be treated.
While there has been little progress in the medical treatment of this pathology, in recent years there has been a breakthrough in the surgical management of lithiasis, thanks to major technological advances.
Given the wide variety of imaging tests as well as therapeutic tools available today, it makes more sense than ever to create specialised units to manage the lithiasic pathology.
A variety of imaging tests are available when studying a patient with lithiasis:
- Abdominal plain X-ray
- Urological ultrasound
- Computed tomography scan
- Intravenous urography
- Magnetic Resonance Imaging
The prescription of each of these tests must be evaluated by the specialist, not only towards diagnosis, but also for planning the most appropriate treatment.
When a patient is referred to the lithiasis specialist consultation, a detailed study is carried out, starting with the medical record, and followed by a study based on imaging tests, as well as laboratory tests.